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A bone deformity is an atypical, structural deviation or distortion of the bone’s shape from its normal alignment, length and/or size. A bone deformity can be congenital or acquired.
Children’s bones grow and reshape themselves continually and extensively. Growth proceeds from a very vulnerable part of the bone named the growth plate (What’s the difference between Kid bones and Adult bones?). While reshaping and remodeling, old bone tissue is replaced by the new one, and many bone disorders and/or deformities come from these changes. This type of deformity is called developmental – caused by the changes that occur in a growing child’s musculoskeletal system. These deformities may get better or worse as children grow.
Bone deformities can also be:
There are four main types of bone deformity:
All these different types of bone deformity can exist on their own, but it is common to find a combination of them.